Instructions for Attitudes of Athletes and Non-Athletes


Please select one response for each of the following items, unless otherwise instructed.

1. Please enter a 4 digit code number.
If you are a CSUF student wishing to receive credit for your participation, please make sure to enter the last 4 digits of your Campus Wide Identification Number (CWID) or, if you are a Psych 101 student, the 4 digit code number you are using to receive credit through the SONA System as your code number.

2. Your Gender:
         Male
         Female

3. Your Age:

4. Your specific ethnicity(ties) - please list all that represent your ethnic heritage (example: Mexican, Chinese, Irish, Nigerian, etc.)

5. Your highest level of education
         Freshman
         Sophmore
         Junior
         Senior
         Post-baccalaureate Student
         Graduate Student

6. Your annual (yearly) combined family household income
         Less than $10,000
         $10,000-14,999
         $15,000-24,999
         $25,000-34,999
         $35,000-49,999
         $50,000-74,999
         $75,000-99,999
         $100,000-149,999
         $150,000-199,999
         $200,000 or more

7. Your highest level of athletic involvement (pick the one option which best represents your level)
         None or minimal; I would describe myself as a non-athlete.
         Recreational athlete (intramural sports, recreational sports league, etc.)
         High school athlete - individual sport
         High school athlete - team sport
         Collegiate athlete - individual sport
         Collegiate athlete - team sport
         Professional/Elite amateur athlete - individual sport
         Professional/Elite amateur athlete - individual sport

8. Are you a California State University, Fullerton student?
         Yes
         No

9. If I don't set the highest standards for myself in my sport, I am likely to end up a second-rate competitor.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

10. Even if I fail slightly in competition, for me, it is as bad as being a complete failure.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

11. My parents set very high standards for me in sport.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

12. I feel like my coach/team captain/other individual criticizes me for doing things less than perfectly in competition.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

13. In competition, I never feel that I can quite meet my parents' expectations.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

14. I hate being less than the best at things in my sport.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

15. If I fail in competition, I feel like a failure as a person.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

16. Only outstanding performance during competition is good enough for my family.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

17. Only outstanding performance during competition is good enough for my coach/team captain/other individual.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

18. My parents have always had higher expectations for my future in sport than I have.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

19. The fewer mistakes I make in competition, the more people will like me.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

20. It is important to me that I be thoroughly competent in everything I do in my sport.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

21. I feel like I am criticized by my parents for doing things less than perfectly in competition.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

22. I expect higher performance and greater results in my daily sport-training than others.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

23. I feel like I can never quite live up to my coach's/team captain's/other individual's standards.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

24. I feel that other competitors generally accept lower standards for themselves in sport than I do.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

25. I should be upset if I make a mistake in competition.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

26. In competition, I never feel that I can quite live up to my parents' standards.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

27. My coach/team captain/other individual sets very high standards for me in competition.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

28. If a teammate/opponent/competitor (who plays a similar position to me) performs better than me in competition, then I feel like I failed to some degree.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

29. My parents expect excellence from me in my sport.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

30. My coach/team captain/other individual expects excellence from me at all times: both in training and competition.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

31. If I do not do well all the time in competition, I feel that people will not respect me as an athlete.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

32. I have extremely high goals for myself in my sport.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

33. I feel like my coach/team captain/other individual never tries to fully understand the mistakes I sometimes make.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

34. I set higher achievement goals than most athletes who play/compete in my sport.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

35. I feel like my parents never try to fully understand the mistakes I make in competition.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

36. People will probably think less of me if I make mistakes in competition.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

37. My parents want me to be better than all other players who play my sport.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

38. If I play well but only make one obvious mistake in the entire game/competition, I still feel disappointed with my performance.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

39. I feel most successful in my sport participation when I learn a new aspect of technique and it makes me want to practice more.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

40. I feel most successful in my sport participation when I learn something that is fun to do.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

41. I feel most successful in my sport participation when I learn a new skill or technique by trying hard.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

42. I feel most successful in my sport participation when I work really hard.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

43. I feel most successful in my sport participation when something I learn makes me want to go and practice more.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

44. I feel most successful in my sport participation when a skill I learn really feels right.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

45. I feel most successful in my sport participation when I do my very best.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

46. I feel most successful in my sport participation when I'm the only one who can do a particular skill.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

47. I feel most successful in my sport participation when I can do better than my teammates and or other athletes.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

48. I feel most successful in my sport participation when the others can't do as well as me.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

49. I feel most successful in my sport participation when others mess up and I don't.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

50. I feel most successful in my sport participation when I beat the others and or have the best score.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

51. I feel most successful in my sport participation when I'm the best.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         agree
         strongly agree

52. When I am working on something, I cannot relax until it is perfect.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

53. I am not likely to criticize someone for giving up too easily.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

54. It is not important that the people close to me are successful.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

55. I seldom criticize my friends for accepting second best.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

56. I find it difficult to meet others' expectations of me.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

57. One of my goals is to be perfect in everything I do.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

58. Everything that others do must be of top-notch quality.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

59. I never aim for perfection in my work.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

60. Those around me readily accept that I can make mistakes too.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

61. It doesn't matter to me when someone close to me does not do thier absolute best.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

62. The better I do, the better I am expected to do.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

63. I seldom feel the need to be perfect.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

64. Anything I do that is less then excellent will be seen as poor work by those around me.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

65. I strive to be as perfect as I can be.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

66. It is very important that I am perfect in everything I attempt.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

67. I have high expectations for the peole who are important to me.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

68. I strive to be the best at everything I do.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

69. The people around me expect me to succeed at everything I do.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

70. I do not have very high standards for those around me.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

71. I demand nothing less than perfection of myself.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

72. Others will like me even if I don't excel at everything.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

73. I can't be bothered with people who won't strive to better themselves.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

74. It makes me uneasy to see an error in my work.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

75. I do not expect a lot from my friends.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

76. Success means that I must work even harder to please others.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

77. If I ask someone to do something, I expect it to be done flawlessly.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

78. I cannot stand to see people close to me make mistakes.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

79. I am perfectionistic in setting my goals.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

80. The people who matter to me should never let me down.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

81. Others think I am okay, even when I do not succeed.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

82. I feel that people are too demanding of me.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

83. I must work to my full potential at all times.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

84. Although they may not show it, other people get very upset with me when I slip up.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

85. I do not have to be the best at whatever I am doing.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

86. My family expects me to be perfect.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

87. I do not have very high goals for myself.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

88. My parents rarely expected me to excel in all aspects of my life.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

89. I respect people who are average.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

90. People expect nothing less than perfection from me.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

91. I set very high standards for myself.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

92. People expect more from me than I am capable of giving.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

93. I must always be successful at school or work.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

94. It does not matter to me when a close friend does not try their hardest.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

95. People around me think I am still competent even if I make a mistake.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

96. I seldom expect others to excel at whatever they do.
         strongly disagree
         disagree
         somewhat disagree
         neither disagree nor agree
         somewhat agree
         agree
         strongly agree

Please check your answers. When you are done, push the button below.

Thank You!