### Decision-Making Experiment: Choices between Gambles

This is a study of decision making in which you can gamble without risk and perhaps even win some money, if you are lucky. At the same time, your participation in this study can help scientists in the Decision Research Center learn more about how people make choices. Decide first if you want to participate. You must be over 18, and each person can participate only once. Scroll down and look over the questionnaire. It usually takes about 5-10 minutes.

```Email address:
We will notify you by email if you are a winner.
Country:
Age: You must be over 18 years to participate.
Are you Male or Female?
Female
OR
Male

Education (in years).
If you are a college graduate, put 16.
If you have a Ph.D., put 20.
Education:  Years.

Now, look at the first choice, No. 1, below.  Notice that there are 20
values for A and 20 values for B.  Imagine that each dollar amount represents
the value of one ticket or chance to win a prize.
Would you rather play:
A: fifty-fifty chance of winning either \$100 or \$0 (nothing),
OR
B: fifty-fifty chance to win either \$35 or \$25.
```

Think of probability as the number of tickets in a bag containing 20 tickets, divided by 20. Gamble A has 10 tickets that say \$100 and 10 that say \$0, so the probability to win \$100 is .50 and the probability to get \$0 is .50. If someone reaches in bag A, half the time they might win \$0 and half the time \$100. But in this study, you only get to play a gamble once, so the prize will be either \$0 or \$100. Gamble B's bag has 20 tickets also, but 10 of them say \$25 and 10 of them say \$35. Bag B thus guarantees at least \$25, but the most you can win is \$35. Some will prefer A and others will prefer B. To mark your choice, click the button next to A or B. Notice that the dot next to No. 1 will empty and fill in the button next to your choice.

Each gamble has 20 tickets, and you should assume that each ticket has an equal chance of being chosen as your prize.

For each choice below, click the button beside the gamble you would rather play. On June 21, 2002, after people have finished their choices, three people will be selected randomly to play one gamble for real money. One trial will be selected randomly from the 20 trials, and if you were the lucky person, you will get to play the gamble you chose on the trial selected. You might win as much as \$110. Any one of the 20 choices might be the one you get to play, so choose carefully. Winners will be notified by email. Offer void where prohibited by law.

```

1. Which do you choose?
A: \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100,
\$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0.
OR
B: \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,
\$25,  \$25,  \$25,  \$25,  \$25,  \$25,  \$25,  \$25,  \$25,  \$25.

2. Which do you choose?
C: \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100,
\$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0.
OR
D: \$45,  \$45,  \$45,  \$45,  \$45,  \$45,  \$45,  \$45,  \$45,  \$45,
\$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35,  \$35.

3. Which do you choose?
E: \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100,
\$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,
\$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50.
OR
F: \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100,
\$62,  \$62,  \$62,  \$62,
\$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50,  \$50.

4. Which do you choose?
G: \$108, \$108,
\$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,
\$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2.
OR
H: \$108, \$108,
\$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,
\$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2.

5. Which do you choose?
I: \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,
\$14,
\$12.
OR
J: \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,
\$90,
\$12, \$12.

6. Which do you choose?
K: \$44,  \$44,
\$40,  \$40,
\$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2.
OR
L: \$98,  \$98,
\$10,  \$10,
\$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2,   \$2.

7. Which do you choose?
M: \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,
\$96,
\$6,   \$6.
OR
N: \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,
\$8,
\$6.

8. Which do you choose?
O: \$44,  \$44,  \$44,  \$44,
\$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10.
OR
P: \$98,  \$98,
\$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10,  \$10.

9. Which do you choose?
Q: \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,
\$40,  \$40,  \$40,  \$40,  \$40.
OR
R: \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,  \$98,
\$10,  \$10.

10. Which do you choose?
S: \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110,
\$44,  \$44,
\$40,  \$40.
OR
T: \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110, \$110,
\$98,  \$98,
\$10,  \$10.

11. Which do you choose?
U: \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,
\$96,
\$14,
\$12.
OR
V: \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,
\$90,
\$12,
\$12.

12. Which do you choose?
W: \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106,
\$96,
\$12.
OR
X: \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106, \$106,
\$52,
\$48.

13. Which do you choose?
Y: \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,
\$96,
\$6,
\$6.
OR
Z: \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,  \$99,
\$99,
\$8,
\$6.

14. Which do you choose?
a: \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,
\$12.
OR
b: \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,  \$96,
\$48,  \$48.

15. Which do you choose?
c: \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5,   \$5   (\$5 for sure).

OR
d: \$100,
\$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0.

16. Which do you choose?
e: \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3   (\$3 for sure).

OR
f: \$100,
\$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0,   \$0.

17. Which do you choose?
g: \$96,
\$12,
\$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3.
OR
h: \$52,
\$48,
\$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3,   \$3.

18. Which do you choose?
i: \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94,  \$94  (\$94 for sure).

OR
j: \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100,
\$0.

19. Which do you choose?
k: \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90,  \$90  (\$90 for sure).

OR
l: \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100, \$100,
\$0.

20. Which do you choose?
m: \$96,
\$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12.
OR
n: \$52,  \$52,
\$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12,  \$12.

-----------

21. Have you ever read a scientific paper
(i.e., a journal article or book) on the theory of
decision making or on the psychology of decision making?

No. Never.
OR
Yes, I have.

Winners will be notified by email.  If you share an email address, include your
name in the comments below, so we can identify the winner.

Please check to make sure that you have answered all of the Questions.

When you are finished, push this button to send your data:

```
```

```