Catanzaro, S. J., Horaney, F., & Creasey, G. (1995). Hassles, coping, and depressive

This study extended previous investigations by examining the relations between negative mood regulation (NMR) expectancies, coping responses, depressive symptoms and self-reports of daily hassles among elderly individuals. Results indicated a negative association between NMR expectancies and intensity of depressive symptoms, independent of stress level and subjects' coping responses. Elderly individuals with strong NMR expectancies experienced less depression and less maladaptive avoidant coping. Active coping was related to depression only when NMR expectancies were controlled: active coping reduced depression only when subjects believed it would be successful.

DOI: 10.1037//0022-0167.42.3.259