Tresno, F., Ito, Y., & Mearns, J. (2013). Risk factors for non-suicidal self-injury

In a sample of Japanese college students, stronger NMRE predicted less self-injurious behavior. NMRE moderated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and self-injury. For participants with higher NMRE, more maltreatment was not associated with greater self-injury. For those with lower NMRE, more maltreatment was associated with increasingly greater self-injury.

DOI: 10.1080/00207594.2012.733399